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Shogun - Center for Japanese Studies - The Japanese Language, Culture and Traditions

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 The Duplex System
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Japanese Language online course.
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The Duplex System of Teaching Japanese

The condition for this method of teaching to work is to use the following books:

"Limba Japoneza Simplu si Eficient"
Ref. CD-ROM sample:


"Kanji in 60 de Texte"

Briefly, "Limba Japoneza simplu si Eficient" (LJSE) deals with grammar and also with an introduction into the Japanese way of writing, through Hiragana and Katakana.

The second book, "Kanji in 60 de texte" (K_60) deals with Kanji writing, introducing 240 Kanji in 60 texts. Also, the last book includes a Kanji dictionary for the 240 Kanji (ordered after onyomi and kunyomi readings) and also a Japanese-Romanian dictionary with 1100 entries.

These books do not replace the teacher. The teacher is a Japanese and the books are "descriptive" and talk ABOUT the Japanese language. The teacher is the person who is in charge with the Japanese language and is teaching Japanese with the aid of these books.

Thus, the teacher reads the lesson, can also invite the students to read the lesson, can imagine short dialogs regarding the text, etc.
Further on, the teacher describes the vocabulary, helping the students to master the new words, pronouncing and repeating them.

When the section of GRAMMAR is reached, the teacher has not to explain it, because the students can read it at home. Obviously the grammar is written in Romanian, so it is of great help for the teacher. In this way, the teacher skips the grammar and moves the exercise section, for practicing.
At the end of the lesson, the teacher can bring additional linguistic supports like tapes, video cassettes, etc.

The teacher drills on the Japanese in the texts, providing an authentic model for the students to imitate. LJSE is concerned merely only with spoken Japanese.
Reading and writing involve a different set of habits and are best begun after acquiring some basic control of the spoken Japanese.

The audio CD-Rom is the new item introduced in the 3rd edition of the textbook "Japanese Language. Simply and Efficiently - CD-ROM". The lessons, as well as the exercises, are rendered in a clear, accurate and expressive Japanese language by Mrs. Sakiko Tsuchiya and Mr. Kazuo Yuasa. It is also an important aid for both teaching and learning Nihongo.

After completion the first 15 lessons, the students may begin to learn how to write in Japanese, using the Hiragana and Katakana syllabaries, from the second part of this book.
The advanced students may study the way of writing in Japanese starting with Part I of K_60. Then, they may exercise Kanji from Part II of this book.

In the second part of this book are included 60 texts of Japanese language in which 240 kanji are explained. The specific way of kanji reading is rendered within appropriate examples. Other kanji that are different of those presented in the book are explicitly written with furigana that offers a cursive reading in Japanese.
The texts are agreeable and expressive and are written with both Latin and Japanese characters. Every sentence written in Japanese is accompanied by its corresponding translation into Romanian.


The main grammar problems featured are:
- nouns;
- relatives "kore", "sore", "are" and "dore";
- copula "desu";
- particles: "wa", "ga", "ni", "no", "e", "de", "to" etc.;
- negative and interrogative;
- adjectives;
- attributive and predicate use of the adjective;
- negative use of the adjective predicate;
- the interrogative pronouns "nani", "dare", "dore", etc.
- expressions of existence,
- answering "hai" and "iie",
- place and direction,
- expressing number and quantity,
- numbers and numerals,
- how to count things and persons,
- expression of possession,
- words for describing the family relations,
- the verb: predicate and speech style, conjunctive form, "-masu", "-masen", "-mashita" and "-masen deshita" forms, conjugation of verbs,
- pointing time and minute,
- direct and indirect objects, etc.

In the LJSE textbook are also included:
- the exercises key;
- an index for Japanese words (about 500 entries);
- an index for the Japanese Grammar structures;
- an appendix, that constitutes a table for the complete coded characters set
standard JIS X 0208: 1997, with each character indexed by Row-Cell value.

An appendix, in which are introduced:
- Joyo Kanji, 1,945 kanji used in Japan for public documents;
- Gakushu Kanji, 1,006 characters formally taught in during the fist six grades in
Japanese schools;
- Jinmei-yo Kanji, 285 kanji sanctioned by the Japanese government for use in
writing personal names;
- the 214 Japanese radicals and their variants complete the course.

Appendix for K_60:
- 1945 kanji, Joyo Kanji, used in Japan for public documents and
- the 214 traditional radicals with their variants

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